A brief overview of the greek architecture and the parthenon

The Influence of Ancient Greek Architecture

The Erechtheion, B. In Ancient Greece, stoae long covered colonnades were open for use as public gathering spaces. For more about Ancient Greece: Despite its monumental scale and lavish decoration, the Pergamon altar preserves the basic and necessary features of the Greek altar: Colonnades encircling buildings, or surrounding courtyards provided shelter from the sun and from sudden winter storms.

From the Hellenistic period onwards the stoa also lent its name to a philosophical school, as Zeno of Citium c. Perseus Digital Library uncommon for houses to be attached to workshops or shops. The capital at the top was decorated with scrolls on each side.

American School of Classical Studies, Digital Collections Greek city planners came to prefer the stoa as a device for framing the agora public market place of a city or town. While altars did not necessarily need to be architecturalized, they could be and, in some cases, they assumed a monumental scale.

A spear rests against her left shoulder. The cornice retains the shape of the beams that would once have supported the wooden roof at each end of the building. The earliest Greek temple design was essentially a rectangular building with a portico covered porch with columns fitted to the entrance.

Very typical structures of the Classical architecture are also the Ancient Theatres. Ruins of Etruscan cities see examples are scant, however, as the Etruscans like the Aegeans built mainly with wood and clay, which deteriorates swiftly. The same year a great gold and ivory statue of Athena, made by Phidias for the interior, was dedicated.

Directed by the Athenian statesman Periclesthe Parthenon was built by the architects Ictinus and Callicrates under the supervision of the sculptor Phidias.

The Parthenon, Athens, Greece. Source Engravings on the Parthenon The exterior of temples were often decorated with elaborate carvings. Ottoman Architecture After the 16th century, almost the entire country fell to the Ottomans, who also left a vivid sign in many towns and islands.

A colonnade is a row of columns supporting an entablature and usually a roof. Perhaps the fullest, and most famous, expression of Classical Greek temple architecture is the Periclean Parthenon of Athens—a Doric order structure, the Parthenon represents the maturity of the Greek classical form.

A Full-scale Replica of the Athenian michaelferrisjr.com May 31,  · Greek Temples. In this hub, I’m going to offer a very basic introduction to Greek temples and their design, using the Parthenon in Athens as a case study.

I’ve chosen a temple from the Classical era of Greek history (rather than the Hellenistic era) because it represents Greek temple architecture at its zenith.

A brief summary of the Classical Greek civilization

The Classical period is generally said to stretch from about BC until about Reviews: 1. Greek architecture is known for tall columns, intricate detail, symmetry, harmony, and balance.

The Greeks built all sorts of buildings. The main examples of Greek architecture that survive today are the large temples that they built to their gods. The Parthenon would become the largest Doric Greek temple, although it was innovative in that it mixed the two architectural styles of Doric and the newer Ionic.

Ancient Greek architecture

The most famous building in the Doric order, and indeed the crowning work of all Greek architecture, is the Parthenon. This temple originally housed an enormous statue of Athena, patron deity of Athens.

A Brief Overview of Ancient Greek Temples

3 (A full-scale replica of the Parthenon, though made of concrete rather than marble, is found in Nashville.).

A brief overview of the greek architecture and the parthenon
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